The 2019 Annual Internal Security Report (RASI), delivered this Tuesday to the Assembly of the Republic, indicates that violent and serious crime increased 3% last year compared to 2018, while general crime rose 0.7%.
“In 2019, there was a slight increase in general crime and violent and serious crime. General crime registered an additional 2,391 participations (333,223 to 335,614), which corresponds to an increase of 0.7%. Violent and serious crime registered an additional 417 participations (13,981 to 14,398), which corresponds to an increase of 3% ”, reads the document.
Within the scope of serious and violent crime, there was an increase of 29.8% in the participation for the crime of theft in commercial and industrial buildings (326 in 2018 and 423 in 2019) and 23.8% for the crime of kidnapping, kidnapping and hostage taking (273 in 2018 and 338 in 2019), and in the crime of theft on public roads without stretching, there was also a slight increase of 11.8% in holdings (5,296 in 2018 and 5,923 in 2019) .
Last year there was also an increase of 2% in the crime of rape, from 421 cases in 2018 to 431 in 2019, while the number of offenses against voluntary physical integrity rose by 14.2% (579 and 661).
Conversely, theft of public transport decreased 5.1% (447 and 424) and theft of homes also decreased 5.1% (605 and 574).
Last year, there were 21 fewer homicides compared to 2018 (-19.1%).
The crimes that contributed to the increase in general crime in 2019 were computer and communications fraud, which registered a significant increase of 66.7% in relation to the previous year, from 9,783 participations in 2018 to 16,301 in 2019, and violence domestic growth, which grew 10.6% (22,423 and 24,793).
The crimes that fell the most in the past year were pickpocketing theft (-21.1%), burglary at home with break-in, escalation or false keys (-9.9%) and motor vehicle theft (-8%).
Juvenile delinquency reverses the downward trend that has been observed in previous years with a slight increase in 2019 of 5.6% (1,482 participations in 2018 and 1,568 in 2019).
Group crime, which is often associated with juvenile delinquency, also reverses the downward trend recorded in recent years, with a further 715 records being recorded in 2018 (up 15.9%).
Last year, computer crimes increased 42.7%, from 924 in 2018 to 1,319 in 2019.
Portugal continues “to be a transit country, but also a final destination, of various types of narcotic substances to supply the illicit internal circuits”.
While there was a slight decrease compared to 2019 in the seizure of hashish (from – 6.1%), heroin (from – 48.6%) and ecstasy (from – 82.5%) there was a significant increase in cocaine seizure (of 75.2, according to the document.
The number of GNR, PSP, Judiciary Police, Foreigners and Borders Service and Maritime Police decreased by 1.9% in 2019 compared to 2018, having left 1,284 elements and entered 408.
The document stresses that, similar to what has been the European trend, Portuguese far-right groups have made use of a recycled and reactionary discourse to combat what they call “cultural Marxism” in order to sensitize those listen to your message to an extremist speech.
"Following the European trend, in Portugal the extreme right has been reorganizing itself, recycling the discourse, forming new organizations and recruiting elements from certain social fringes that they normally did not access in the not too distant past", he stresses.
RASI stresses that the activity of these sectors "is not restricted to the neo-Nazi ideology", since there has been "a close connection with other groups and organizations existing in Europe, namely associated with the identity trend", which also gained space in Portugal.
The document also mentions that there was a trend towards “the multiplication and unfolding of activities”, namely in the online aspect, in social networks, a dimension in which they are particularly active, including using closed groups, but also offline, in the public space in general, albeit occasionally.
In 2019, the year in which the European Parliament and legislative elections are held, RASI stresses that virtually all sectors of the Portuguese extreme right “competed for the intense spread of propaganda and misinformation” not only on social networks, but also on “Demonstrations and counter-manifestations, debates and various publications” with the objective of generating a climate of tension against political opponents and supporters.
233 people were detained in a total of 51,586 policed sporting events in the 2018/19 sports season, according to the 2019 Annual Internal Security Report (RASI) released by the Government.
In addition to the 233 supporters arrested, according to the document, there were still two dozen interdictions in sports venues and 95 people were expelled during the events, this being the same number of people who incited violence, racism and xenophobia.
In addition, 156 fans saw their entry prevented from attending sports events, 744 were identified, 685 administrative offenses were raised and 168 people invaded the area of sports shows.
RASI also records 1,687 cases of people in possession of pyrotechnic artefacts, 324 cases of injuries and threats and 317 attacks on sports venues.
The seizure of counterfeit banknotes in Portugal rose by about 45% in 2019, from 597,215 euros to 1,003,110, according to the Annual Internal Security Report (RASI).
According to the document of the Ministry of Internal Administration (MAI), the denomination of 10 euros registered a seizure of 629 counterfeit notes (+ 320%), in those of 20 the seizure was 4,549 notes (+ 30%), in the case of 50 out of 5,184 counterfeit bills (+ 32%) and 200 out of 1,599 banknotes (15 notes in 2018).
In the denomination of 500 euros, there was a decrease, with 523 counterfeit notes seized (-8.7%).
Of the 4,549 20 euro banknotes seized, “2,224 respect the counterfeit of Italian origin, with the indications EUB0020J0001 (2,020 banknotes”, the document states.
“Of the 5,184 of 50 euros, 3,383 concern counterfeiting of national origin (whose criminal network has been dismantled), 770 of Italian origin, with EUB50 P00005 (140 banknotes), EUA0050P00030 (101 banknotes), both from the A series, with EUB0050J00001 (215 banknotes) and EUB50P00001 (314 banknotes), from the Europa series ”, he added.
According to the document, “for 10-euro and 50-euro banknotes counterfeited in Portugal, they proved to be of medium quality, made with inkjet, printed paper with watermark, quality holograms and security threads applied inside” .
The spread of this counterfeiting was carried out through the Internet and is referenced in several European countries.
“It is a growing reality that makes the transaction based on anonymity, whether for buyers or sellers,” says RASI.
The second most apprehended currency unit was, the document said, the US dollar (USD), with 522 notes (-41%). The 100 USD banknote remains the most apprehended, with 372 counterfeits (-22%).
The document also points out that “the wide spread of high quality inkjet printers and the use of accessible graphic techniques facilitate the production of counterfeit banknotes. Prevention involves raising the awareness of economic operators / traders to the use of methods for the recognition of basic banknote security indicators, namely euro banknotes ”.
With regard to the repression of the phenomenon, in addition to analyzing the information through the mapping of the most affected geographical areas, cooperation and the exchange of information, swift and effective, between the various entities and bodies of the criminal police that have them are essential. the detection, prevention and investigation of currency counterfeiting, national and international, concludes RASI.
The occurrences in the school environment, criminal and non-criminal, decreased 18.2%, with a total of 5,250 records of illicit activities in the academic year 2018/19, compared to the previous school year, according to the Annual Internal Security Report.
The document, which presents the data on illegal activities in the school environment provided by the National Republican Guard (GNR) and the Public Security Police (PSP) under the “Safe School” Program in the academic year 2018/19, reveals a total of 5,250 occurrences , with a decrease of 1,172 cases (18.2%) compared to the 2017/18 academic year.
The occurrences of a criminal nature decreased by 19.8%, registering 3,293, while those of a non-criminal nature decreased by 15.5% (1,957).
Among the types of occurrences marked in the numbers, the offense to physical integrity (1,359 occurrences), injuries or threats (818) and theft (600) stand out. Vandalism (217), possession or consumption of narcotic drugs (192) and sexual offenses (119) are also on the list.
In the geographic distribution of occurrences in the school context, the district of Lisbon stands out with 2,264 cases, followed by Porto (846) and Setúbal (512).
Conversely, Portalegre has only one record in the previous academic year and makes up with Beja (39) and Coimbra (40) the trio of districts with the fewest occurrences.
The ‘Escola Segura’ program engaged 751 elements in 2019, with a total of 24,227 awareness actions and 1.7 million students covered in 8,250 educational establishments.
“The security forces, through specialized teams, develop and reinforce actions with the school community (students, teachers, parents, guardians and educational assistants), in order to raise their awareness and involve them in issues of safety in the school environment ”, highlights the report.
In these data from the GNR and the PSP, 746 demonstrations of means and 885 visits to the installations of the security forces also stand out.
The document also stresses that several activities were carried out, such as “policing and awareness raising actions at schools, complemented by the distribution of pamphlets referring to subjects such as road prevention, bullying, mistreatment, sexual abuse and children's rights, which targeted the entire school community ”.